The diversity of topography, climate, geology makes Austral Africa one of the most biologically diverse areas in the world due to its species diversity, rate of endemism and diverse ecosystems.

What’s special

While it occupies roughly 3% of the world’s land surface area, Austral Africa is home to more than 10% of the world’s plant species and 8% of its reptile, bird and mammal species. Furthermore, it harbors more than 15% of the world’s marine species. Endemism rates reach 56% for amphibians, 65% for plants and up to 70% for invertebrates.